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Niobium Ionization Energy

The Niobium Ionization Energy is the energy required to remove from atom one mole of electrons with subsequent production of positively charged ion of Niobium.
Nb -> Nb+ + e-
This process can be repeated many times, but the energy cost is increased dramatically. The general equation for the Niobium is:
NbN+ -> Nb(N+1)+ + e-

Ionization Energy

Nb -> Nb1+ = 664 kJ/mol = 158.85 Kcal/mol
Nb1+ -> Nb2+ = 1382 kJ/mol = 330.62 Kcal/mol
Nb2+ -> Nb3+ = 2416 kJ/mol = 577.99 Kcal/mol
Nb3+ -> Nb4+ = 3695 kJ/mol = 883.97 Kcal/mol
Nb4+ -> Nb5+ = 4877 kJ/mol = 1166.75 Kcal/mol
Nb5+ -> Nb6+ = 9899 kJ/mol = 2368.18 Kcal/mol
Nb6+ -> Nb7+ = 12100 kJ/mol = 2894.74 Kcal/mol

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